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Schizotypal Personality Disorder
Schizotypal Personality Disorder is one of the disorders in ‘Cluster A’ of the category of Personality Disorders. Like patients with schizoid personality disorder, patients with a schizotypal personality are socially and emotionally detached. Additionally, they display an oddity of thinking and perception that is somewhat similar to schizophrenia. Schizotypal Personality Disorder is sometimes diagnosed in people with schizophrenia before they begin to exhibit full-blown symptoms of schizophrenia, but most adults with Schizotypal Personality Disorder do not develop Schizophrenia. Some patients with schizotypal personality exhibit symptoms of magical thinking believing that a particular thought or action can control someone or something. Patients may believe that they can cause harm to others by simply thinking vengeful thoughts. They may also exhibit paranoid behavior and ideas. Schizotypal personality disorder includes deficient interpersonal relationships, disturbances in thinking, odd appearance, and eccentric behavior. Patients may talk to themselves, and believe they have extra sensory abilities or that unrelated events relate to them, and are of great importance. The patient may often digress while speaking.
Their speech may be convoluted and hard to follow, and they may use odd words and descriptions, and juvenile vocabulary when communicating. Schizotypal patients are hypersensitive to criticism, resist intimacy and typically have few, if any, close friends. They may feel anxious around strangers although they might marry and be productive at work in spite of their odd behavior, dress and appearance.
The disorder is more prevalent in males, and appears by early adulthood. The cause is unknown, but there is an increased incidence in patients with a family history of Schizophrenia.
What are the symptoms?
Idiosyncratic Personality Type is a non-pathological form of this disorder and does not require treatment.
How is it diagnosed and treated?
Doctors will perform a physical and mental evaluation to rule out other causes of symptoms. At least five of the following signs must be present to diagnose Schizotypal Personality Disorder:
Treatment(s) can include:
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