Bipolar Central
Devoted to Helping Those Living
with Bipolar Disorder

Click Here for Your Free Bipolar DVD
Home | About Bipolar Disorder | About David Oliver | Bipolar Articles/Stories | Bipolar Success Stories | Blogs and Podcast | Catalog | Contact | Current Bipolar News David Oliver In the News | Donate | Events | FAQ's | FREE Resources | Health Directory | Other Illnesses | Recommended Sites | Site Map | Speaking | Testimonials
Simple yet effective strategies to cope with your loved one.

Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Schizotypal Personality Disorder is one of the disorders in ‘Cluster A’ of the category of Personality Disorders. Like patients with schizoid personality disorder, patients with a schizotypal personality are socially and emotionally detached. Additionally, they display an oddity of thinking and perception that is somewhat similar to schizophrenia. Schizotypal Personality Disorder is sometimes diagnosed in people with schizophrenia before they begin to exhibit full-blown symptoms of schizophrenia, but most adults with Schizotypal Personality Disorder do not develop Schizophrenia. Some patients with schizotypal personality exhibit symptoms of magical thinking believing that a particular thought or action can control someone or something. Patients may believe that they can cause harm to others by simply thinking vengeful thoughts. They may also exhibit paranoid behavior and ideas. Schizotypal personality disorder includes deficient interpersonal relationships, disturbances in thinking, odd appearance, and eccentric behavior. Patients may talk to themselves, and believe they have extra sensory abilities or that unrelated events relate to them, and are of great importance. The patient may often digress while speaking.

Their speech may be convoluted and hard to follow, and they may use odd words and descriptions, and juvenile vocabulary when communicating. Schizotypal patients are hypersensitive to criticism, resist intimacy and typically have few, if any, close friends. They may feel anxious around strangers although they might marry and be productive at work in spite of their odd behavior, dress and appearance.

The disorder is more prevalent in males, and appears by early adulthood. The cause is unknown, but there is an increased incidence in patients with a family history of Schizophrenia.

What are the symptoms?

  • Odd behavior, dress, speech patterns, thoughts and perceptions
  • Is suspicious or paranoid of others
  • Few friends, is not comfortable with intimacy
  • Stiff and awkward with others, appears cold or distant
  • Speech is convoluted, hard to follow
  • Patient is often described as ‘odd’ or ‘eccentric’
  • Uncomfortable or anxious in social situations
  • Misinterprets reality, distorted perceptions, magical thinking
  • Believes he has special powers, is overly superstitious
  • Symptoms do not stem from other disorders like Schizophrenia, Mood Disorder, Psychotic Disorder, Pervasive Developmental Disorder

Idiosyncratic Personality Type is a non-pathological form of this disorder and does not require treatment.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Doctors will perform a physical and mental evaluation to rule out other causes of symptoms. At least five of the following signs must be present to diagnose Schizotypal Personality Disorder:

  • Indifferent to or detached from social relationships
  • Eccentric behavior and speech
  • Suspicion or paranoia
  • Few friends or close associations
  • Magical thinking not consistent with cultural norms
  • Distorted thinking and perception
  • Narrow or inappropriate emotional display
  • Social Anxiety
  • Other disorders (e.g. delusional disorders, schizophrenia, mood disorder, substance abuse) do not apply

Treatment(s) can include:

  • Psychosocial treatment, psychotherapy
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Group Therapy
  • Hospitalization in severe cases
  • Medication as appropriate: anti-psychotic

Index of Articles


33 physicians participated in a U.S. based study of 57 children, with possible Schizotypal Personality Disorder. 32 children were found to have at least five symptoms, 5 had 4 symptoms, 15 children were suspected to have some form of autism spectrum disorder. Of the 32 children in the schizotypal group most were 12 years or older (71%) and male (81%). Some had coincident conduct disorder (38%) or depressive disorders (19%). The most common features (87%) were odd behavior, lack of close friends, inappropriate or constricted emotional response. In the schizotypal group, many children had odd beliefs or magical thinking and some paranoid ideation (84%), excessive social anxiety (81%), odd thinking/speech (75%).

The Department of Health in the United Kingdom reports the following statistics: 0.3% of hospital episodes were for schizophrenia, schizotypal and delusional disorders, 88% required hospital admission, 61% were for men, 39% were for women, 71% required emergency admission, 41 was the mean age, 85% occurred in ages 15-59, 5% occurred in people over 75

In Australia, 1,978 hospital episodes were for schizotypal, delusional disorders other than schizophrenia. Hospitalization for schizotypal, delusional disorders other than schizophrenia occurred in 1 person per 10,000 of the population in Australia.

If you are in a crisis please call:
1-800-SUICIDE (784-2433) or
1-800-273-TALK (8255)

Search Bipolar Central

FREE Bipolar News,
Tips, Tricks and Secrets
Please Select:
  Please describe your situation:

Loved One With Bipolar Disorder?
Discover How to Help Your Loved One Live with Bipolar Disorder

Do You Have Bipolar Disorder?
Learn the Secrets to Living with Bipolar Disorder

Child With Bipolar Disorder?
Learn How to REALLY Help

Dating Someone With Bipolar?
Secrets to a Successful Relationship

Marrying Someone With Bipolar?
Learn How to Support Your Spouse

Need Money Because of Bipolar Disorder?
Learn How to Be Successful

Drug Addiction and Bipolar Disorder
Secrets to Beating Drug Addiction

Need Affordable Health Insurance?
Information You Can't Live Without If You Have Bipolar Disorder

In Debt Because of Bipolar Disorder?
Get out of debt fast!

Improve Your Emotional Health
Reduce Your Stress Levels and Increase Your Brain Power

This Week's Bipolar News

Woman Who Embezzled $249,000 From Chattanooga Construction Firms Gets 65 Months In ...
Attorney Maio said her bipolar disorder may have driven her client's impulsivity, and now that she is being treated for it, that Ms. Morrison is ...

New law on mental health curriculum goes into effect with start of the new year | EdSource
Health classes will soon include lessons on depression, bipolar disorder and other serious conditions to help students cope with emotional ...

Auburn man accused of leaving voicemail threatening Seattle Mayor Jenny Durkan
He has been diagnosed with illnesses including schizoaffective disorder and bipolar disorder and has been arrested more than 70 times, resulting in ...

Click here for all Bipolar News.

RSS Feed

Featured Article:

The Warning Signs Of An Impending Bipolar Disorder Manic Episode

Bipolar disorder - as the name implies - involves two distinct set of symptoms. One set throws the individual down into the depths of a massive depression. The other places the individual who suffers with bipolar disorder at the top of a peak manic episode.

Most everyone can eventually recognize the warning signs of an impending depressive episode related to bipolar disorder. More likely than not, individuals with bipolar disorder try very hard to avoid it.

However, for many individuals with bipolar disorder, it's more difficult to recognize the signs of an impending manic episode. After all, a manic episode of bipolar disorder can be mistaken in some cases - especially in the very early formation -- for the lifting of the corresponding mood swing of the depression.

Click here to read the entire article

Stop Panic Attacks

Fat Burning Secret

Home | About Bipolar Disorder | About David Oliver | Bipolar Articles/Stories | Bipolar Success Stories | Blogs and Podcast | Catalog | Contact | Current Bipolar News
David Oliver In the News | Donate | Events | FAQ's | FREE Resources | Health Directory | Other Illnesses | Recommended Sites | Site Map | Speaking | Testimonials
The information contained on this web page is not meant to provide medical advice.
Specific medical advice should be obtained from a qualified and licensed health-care practitioner.
There is no warranty that the information is free from all errors and omissions or that it meets any particular standard.

Terms of Service | Privacy Policy

Copyright 2004- 2022 ,