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Panic Disorder is a serious condition characterized by repeated episodes of sudden and intense fear, with accompanying symptoms like chest pain, heart pounding, shortness of breath, and dizziness. Its exact cause is unclear, but most doctors feel there is a connection to some major change in a person’s life, graduating from school, getting married or having a child, the death of a parent or spouse. There is also some evidence to support the idea that this disorder may be hereditary. Panic Disorder is not diagnosed unless a person has suffered at least two unexpected panic attacks, followed by one month or more of worry about having another attack. Patients are also predisposed to panic attacks in certain situations.
The attacks may be more frequent and more severe in some individuals than in others. A patient may have repeated attacks for several weeks, or they might have short time periods with severe attacks, followed by periods of calm. People with Panic Disorder often worry about the physical and emotional toll the panic attacks might take on their bodies and minds, and they may be convinced that these attacks are a sign of a severe illness.
There are three kinds of Panic Attacks:
The symptoms of panic disorder are very real, and the person experiences such anxiety and terror that it is easy to see how, if left untreated, this disorder can lead to complications like depression, substance abuse, and even suicide.
What are the symptoms?
Talk to a person who suffers from Panic Disorder and they will tell you that their panic attacks make them feel as if they are losing control, going crazy, having a heart attack or suffocating. Symptoms can last for 10 minutes or more and will include four or more of the following symptoms:
How is it diagnosed and treated?
The symptoms of Panic Disorder can mimic other conditions, so your doctor will usually perform a full medication examination to be sure that you are diagnosed and treated for the appropriate condition or combination of conditions. It is important for you to tell your doctor about both the physical and emotional symptoms of your attacks and whether these symptoms are interfering with your normal schedule and function.
The available treatment(s) for Panic Disorder are usually combined to address the various symptoms and specific needs of the individual. A combination of medication and cognitive or behavioral therapy is often the best solution for a patient suffering from this disorder and your doctor will sometimes try several combinations before finding the one that works best for you. Treatment(s) can include:
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Bipolar disorder - as the name implies - involves two distinct set of symptoms. One set throws the individual down into the depths of a massive depression. The other places the individual who suffers with bipolar disorder at the top of a peak manic episode.
Most everyone can eventually recognize the warning signs of an impending depressive episode related to bipolar disorder. More likely than not, individuals with bipolar disorder try very hard to avoid it.
However, for many individuals with bipolar disorder, it's more difficult to recognize the signs of an impending manic episode. After all, a manic episode of bipolar disorder can be mistaken in some cases - especially in the very early formation -- for the lifting of the corresponding mood swing of the depression.
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