Similar to common psychological problems, alternative bipolar treatment is fast catching up. Patients are treated with the help of pharmaceutical as well as psychological methods. The treatment works well if the symptoms are spotted in time. Since bipolar disorder is not temporary, it needs a long-term treatment which includes medication as well as psychiatric supervision and psychological counseling. There have been no claims to cure bipolar disorder but with medical help, it can be curbed and managed throughout one’s life. A patient himself may not approach a doctor for treatment because in most cases, the patient feels “normal” and at times “good” during a manic episode. But in reality, they may emotionally and sometimes physically hurt those around them. Due to the chronic nature of this disorder, it can relapse if the treatment is left half-way. This is when family and friends play an important role in making sure that the patient continues the treatment until medical reports prove that their condition is progressing and not take into account their personal opinion. Family and friends act as a treatment technique in addition to medication. Other methods include change of counseling, lifestyle changes and social support. For bipolar treatment, the patient is advised to a stay in a medical facility where they can benefit from the constant supervision. At home, there is a tendency to slack from medication and a relapse may ensue. Therefore, an experienced medical professional needs to monitor the patient to track their extreme symptoms and prescribe proper medication to manage these unpredictable mood shifts and eventually stop them. Psychotherapy also extends to cognitive-behavioral therapy where the patient learns methods to examine their thinking pattern, distorted judgement and perception of the world around them. This helps them stay in touch with reality and keeps them from doing anything mentally or physically harmful. Patients are also encouraged to write down their perceptions and feelings about events which they think trigger mood shifts. By doing so, patients educate themselves more about their condition with the help of guidance from their therapist. In a typical bipolar treatment, medical and psychotherapy go hand in hand. Proper psychotherapy offer immense support to patients that medicines alone cannot offer. Psychological therapists work with patients to help them mentally cope with their unpredictable mood shifts and through continuous therapy help patients resist the strong wave of manic or depressive mood that engulfs them. Medical methods of bipolar treatment include sedatives, antidepressants, antipsychotics and mood stabilizers - also known as anticonvulsants. It is believed that anticonvulsants such as lithium are effective in controlling manic episodes including depression. Two other anticonvulsants components have proved to be effective in combination with lithium, carbamazepine and valproate. For a patient with bipolar depression suffering from acute insomnia and consequent fatigue, benzodiazepines clonazepam and lorazepam are prescribed to help them calm down and induce sleep.During an acute manic episode involving depression, anti-depressants such as a combination of lithium, carbamazepine and valproate is given to the patient. In addition to the above, there are several other FDA-approved medications prescribed to patients depending on the degree of their condition and other mental and physical factors.