Bipolar Central
Devoted to Helping Those Living
with Bipolar Disorder

Click Here for Your Free Bipolar DVD
Home | About Bipolar Disorder | About David Oliver | Bipolar Articles/Stories | Bipolar Success Stories | Blogs and Podcast | Catalog | Contact | Current Bipolar News David Oliver In the News | Donate | Events | FAQ's | FREE Resources | Health Directory | Other Illnesses | Recommended Sites | Site Map | Speaking | Testimonials
FOLLOW US!
Simple yet effective strategies to cope with your loved one.

Schizoaffective disorder

Schizoid Personality Disorder (SPD) is one of a number of ‘Cluster A’ disorders categorized as Personality Disorders. Patients with Schizoid Personality Disorder are usually distant, detached, and indifferent in social relationships. They are loners who prefer solitary activities and they rarely express strong emotions. Though some symptoms of SPD may be similar to those exhibited in Schizophrenia, the disorder is not the same. Many people with schizoid personality disorder are able to function well in society, though they do tend to choose jobs where they can work alone. SPD patients are introverted, withdrawn, solitary, emotionally cold and distant. They are absorbed with their own thoughts and fear intimacy, exhibiting indifference to their surroundings and to others in their family or circle of friends. The cause of schizoid personality disorder is not known, though it is suspected that genetics and environmentcan play a part. Some doctors speculate that a childhood absent of warmth and emotion can contribute to the development of this disorder. Patients with a family history of schizophrenia are more susceptible to this disorder.

It is important to distinguish SPD from other disorders with similar symptoms, like schizophrenia (SPD does not include hallucinations, delusions, or disconnection from reality), and from Avoidant Personality Disorder (unlike APD patients, SPD patients really do prefer to be alone). Narcissistic Personality Disorder patients may exhibit some signs of SPD, because they often lack empathy and are cold toward others, but their desire to be alone is driven, instead, by the idea that most people are not worthy of their company). So while the schizoid and the narcissist are both disinterested in social interaction, the narcissist is incapable because of his lack of empathy and sense of grandiosity. The prevalence of SPD may be hidden by the fact that many SPD patients do not seek treatment.

What are the symptoms?

  • Has few or no close friends, associates
  • Shows emotional detachment in most if not all circumstances
  • May never marry, continues to live with parents far into adulthood
  • Indifferent to praise or criticism
  • Is not proactive, likes to daydream
  • Prefers solitary activities
  • Little or no interest in sexual experiences with another person
  • Pervasive detachment from social relationships, restricted range of emotion
  • Is aloof and detached

Less severe symptoms of this disorder may be diagnosed as Solitary Personality, and are not considered a classic ‘disorder’.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Doctors will perform standard physical and mental health testing to rule out other disorders and disease. Some disorders that may mimic the symptoms of SPD include Schizophrenia, Avoidant Personality Disorder, and Narcissistic Personality Disorder. The Solitary Personality Type is a non-pathological form of this condition and typically does not require treatment.

To diagnose SPD, at least three of the following signs must be present:

  • Patient finds pleasure in few if any.phpects of life
  • Is unaffected by praise or criticism
  • Little or no interest in sex with others
  • Has few if any friends
  • Appears unemotional, cold, distant, unfeeling, does not express anger or warmth
  • Prefers to work and participate in activities alone
  • Preoccupied with daydreaming and fantasy
  • Symptoms do not occur as part of a schizophrenic or mood disorder episode

Treatment(s) can include:

  • Psychotherapy
  • Family Therapy
  • Behavioral Therapy and Coping Skills to overcome fear of interaction and attachment
  • Group Therapy
  • Self-Help Groups
  • Medication if appropriate: Medication is not typically used for this disorder, except where anti-anxiety medication may be of help with severe symptoms

Index of Articles

Statistics

An estimated 6.5 million adults in the U.S. (3.1 %) have schizoid personality disorder. Studies have varied regarding the prevalence since this personality disorder is often misdiagnosed or undiagnosed. Schizoid personality disorder affects more than women, and is more common in people who have a family history of schizophrenia. Schizoid personality disorder usually begins in early adulthood.

The Department of Health in the United Kingdom reports the following findings: 0.001% of hospital consultations were for schizoid personality, 92% of these patients required hospital admission. 35% were for men. 65% were for women (these gender specific statistics may appear to be reversed because men rarely seek treatment for this disorder). The mean age of the patients hospitalized was age 42. 97% of the patients seen with schizoid personality disorder occurred in patients age 15 to 59. Only 1% occurred in people over 75.

If you are in a crisis please call:
1-800-SUICIDE (784-2433) or
1-800-273-TALK (8255)


Search Bipolar Central


FREE Bipolar News,
Tips, Tricks and Secrets
Name:
Email:
Please Select:
  Please describe your situation:

Loved One With Bipolar Disorder?
Discover How to Help Your Loved One Live with Bipolar Disorder

Do You Have Bipolar Disorder?
Learn the Secrets to Living with Bipolar Disorder

Child With Bipolar Disorder?
Learn How to REALLY Help

Dating Someone With Bipolar?
Secrets to a Successful Relationship

Marrying Someone With Bipolar?
Learn How to Support Your Spouse

Need Money Because of Bipolar Disorder?
Learn How to Be Successful

Drug Addiction and Bipolar Disorder
Secrets to Beating Drug Addiction

Need Affordable Health Insurance?
Information You Can't Live Without If You Have Bipolar Disorder

In Debt Because of Bipolar Disorder?
Get out of debt fast!

Improve Your Emotional Health
Reduce Your Stress Levels and Increase Your Brain Power



This Week's Bipolar News

Study Uncovers Molecular Pathway Behind Bipolar Affective Disorder
counselheal
New research has uncovered the long missing genetic link in understanding the causes of Bipolar Disorder by pointing to the role of a well-known ...

Rapid agent restores pleasure-seeking ahead of other antidepressant action
nih
Within 40 minutes after a single infusion of ketamine, treatment-resistant depressed bipolar disorder patients experienced a reversal of a key symptom

Click here for all Bipolar News.

RSS Feed

Featured Article:

The Warning Signs Of An Impending Bipolar Disorder Manic Episode

Bipolar disorder - as the name implies - involves two distinct set of symptoms. One set throws the individual down into the depths of a massive depression. The other places the individual who suffers with bipolar disorder at the top of a peak manic episode.

Most everyone can eventually recognize the warning signs of an impending depressive episode related to bipolar disorder. More likely than not, individuals with bipolar disorder try very hard to avoid it.

However, for many individuals with bipolar disorder, it's more difficult to recognize the signs of an impending manic episode. After all, a manic episode of bipolar disorder can be mistaken in some cases - especially in the very early formation -- for the lifting of the corresponding mood swing of the depression.

Click here to read the entire article

Stop Panic Attacks

Fat Burning Secret

Visit Our Other Websites:
Borderline Central
Health and Wealth Central
Mental Health World
SchizoInfo.com - coming soon

Home | About Bipolar Disorder | About David Oliver | Bipolar Articles/Stories | Bipolar Success Stories | Blogs and Podcast | Catalog | Contact | Current Bipolar News
David Oliver In the News | Donate | Events | FAQ's | FREE Resources | Health Directory | Other Illnesses | Recommended Sites | Site Map | Speaking | Testimonials
The information contained on this web page is not meant to provide medical advice.
Specific medical advice should be obtained from a qualified and licensed health-care practitioner.
There is no warranty that the information is free from all errors and omissions or that it meets any particular standard.

Terms of Service | Privacy Policy

Copyright 2004- 2014 , BipolarCentral.com