|Home | About Bipolar Disorder | About David Oliver | Bipolar Articles/Stories | Bipolar Success Stories | Blogs and Podcast | Catalog | Contact | Current Bipolar News David Oliver In the News | Donate | Events | FAQ's | FREE Resources | Health Directory | Other Illnesses | Recommended Sites | Site Map | Speaking | Testimonials|
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD)
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder is one of a number of childhood disorders categorized as Pervasive Develop-mental Disorders or Autism Spectrum Disorders. It is the rarest of the disorders in the ASD category and it is characterized by the loss of previously acquired language and social skills. A child may demonstrate the ability to speak in two or three word phrases and then gradually or abruptly lose his/her ability to communicate or uses only fragments of words. Social and emotional development will also regress, with impaired ability to relate to others. Where a child might have previously accepted reassurance from a parent in the form of a hug or a pat on the back, she/he will lose the ability to be comforted, and even may withdraw from touch and contact.
It is important to distinguish this regression from that commonly seen from time to time in normal childhood development. Most children experience physical and mental development in spurts, and it is common for them to take an occasional step backward. For example, a child who is toilet trained may suddenly have an ‘accident’. However, children with Childhood Disintegrative Disorder will appear to develop normally for two years, and then exhibit persistent regression to a much lower functional level.
Overall, the social, communication, and behavioral symptoms of CDD can resemble those of Autism, with impairments in social interaction and communication, restricted, repetitive, or stereotypical patterns of behavior, or interests, and loss of previously acquired skills like toilet training, drawing or riding a tricycle. Coordination and gait can be awkward, and the child may become aggressive, and withdraw from peers. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder occurs only after at least two years of normal development, but before the age of ten.
The average age of onset is between ages three and four. The onset can be gradual or abrupt. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder is the rarest of the Pervasive Developmental Disorders, and no single cause has been identified. Research indicates that the cause may be from a combination of genetic predisposition and prenatal environmental stress. Genetic factors may include a family history of autism or Asperger Disorder. Environmental factors can include birth trauma, premature birth, viral exposure, toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus infection, and other viral infections. Like patients with Autism, children who suffer from PDD are at increased risk for seizures.
What are the symptoms?
How is it diagnosed and treated?
CDD may be discovered in well child check-ups. However, because this disorder involves loss of previously acquired skills, it is usual for the parent to bring the symptoms to the attention of the health care provider. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder was recognized and documented prior to Autism. The symptoms were documented in 1908, but there were documented cases before that time. CDD can be difficult to diagnose because it can appear similar to other disorders like Mental Retardation, Head Trauma, Dementia, Schizophrenia, Selective Mutism, Expressive Language Disorder, or one of its sister syndromes: Autism, Rett’s Syndrome, or Asperger Syndrome. Doctors will perform a thorough medical and mental evaluation to rule out other illnesses or disorders. Diagnostic criteria include:
In some cases, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder can be associated with Mental Retardation, metachromatic leukodystrophy, and Schilder's disease. The risk of seizures in CDD patients increases with age and peaks at adolescence.
Much of the treatment protocol for CDD is the same as that prescribed for Autism, because of the similarity in the two disorders. Unfortunately, the prognosis for this disorder is limited. Loss of function is usually permanent, but, in some cases, behaviors can be modified with appropriate treatment.
Treatment(s) can include:
This Week's Bipolar News
Lithium treatment associated with lowest risk of rehospitalization for bipolar disorder patients
Manic Switching After Light Therapy Historically Low in Bipolar Disorder
Click here for all Bipolar News.
The Warning Signs Of An Impending Bipolar Disorder Manic Episode
Bipolar disorder - as the name implies - involves two distinct set of symptoms. One set throws the individual down into the depths of a massive depression. The other places the individual who suffers with bipolar disorder at the top of a peak manic episode.
Most everyone can eventually recognize the warning signs of an impending depressive episode related to bipolar disorder. More likely than not, individuals with bipolar disorder try very hard to avoid it.
However, for many individuals with bipolar disorder, it's more difficult to recognize the signs of an impending manic episode. After all, a manic episode of bipolar disorder can be mistaken in some cases - especially in the very early formation -- for the lifting of the corresponding mood swing of the depression.
Home | About
Bipolar Disorder |
About David Oliver | Bipolar
Articles/Stories | Bipolar
Success Stories | Blogs
and Podcast | Catalog |
| Current Bipolar
David Oliver In the News | Donate | Events | FAQ's | FREE Resources | Health Directory | Other Illnesses | Recommended Sites | Site Map | Speaking | Testimonials
| The information contained
on this web page is not meant to provide medical advice.
Specific medical advice should be obtained from a qualified and licensed health-care practitioner.
There is no warranty that the information is free from all errors and omissions or that it meets any particular standard.
Copyright 2004- 2018 , BipolarCentral.com