Summary: Bipolar disorder is characterized by severe mood swings from extreme depression to manic euphoria. There are different symptoms for each phase. A person with bipolar depression or mania needs good care and correct treatment.
Bipolar disorder happens to be a condition which causes major shifts in thinking, moods and changes in an individual's behavior. Behavioral changes usually range from the low depression mood to extreme or severe euphoria. Bipolar disorder cycles vary from one individual to another. It may last for weeks, months and days. It is categorized as bipolar I disorder and bipolar II disorder. One may differentiate the bipolar mood swing from the regular mood swings as these swings are severe. They can hinder an individual's normal functioning. As an example, when depressed, a person can feel highly restless in spite of having good sleep for long hours.
How to Know if a Person is Bipolar?
A person with bipolar disorder can even quit his job without any valid cause or on impulse. There are many symptoms of bipolar disorder. However, with correct diagnosis and apt treatment, an individual may lead a fulfilling and happy life. The bipolar episodes are strong and are categorized as excessive mood swings. The signs of euphoria are: rapid thoughts and speech, amplified energy, elevated mood, inflated confidence, sleep deprivation, increased mental and physical activity, aggressive behavior, unwarranted irritability, poor and impatient judgment, irresponsible behaviors like making rash decisions, over-spending, erratic driving, an inflated feeling of self-importance and difficulty in concentrating.
Signs of depression are: a lack of interest in doing daily activity, long drawn-out irritable or sad moods, lack of energy and fatigue, feeling of worthlessness and guilt, not able to sleep or sleeping too much, drop in marks and not able to concentrate, overeating or appetite loss, anger, worry, inability to feel pleasure in everything, anxiety, thoughts of suicide or death. Symptoms of this disorder within adults may occur along with signs of mania. In such situations, it is referred as the mixed episode. Patients experience very low self-esteem. Due to this, one may become sensitive about a specific issue and also cry.
Extreme optimism and enthusiasm is also seen in persons suffering from bipolar disorder. The person will be aggressive in nature and have racing thoughts. Whenever disturbed, the person may turn violent. She or he will often get agitated about petty issues that never bothered him or her during earlier days. You can also notice an increased physical activity. The person can become involved in doing weird activities that require a lot of energy, or else do exercise such as lifting weights. Similarly, several people having bipolar disorder even engage in dangerous behaviors like risky sexual behavior and excessive drinking. They also end up making poor monetary choices.
The person with bipolar disorder will get into drinking or spending sprees like unplanned shopping, etc., among other bad financial decisions. An increased sexual drive and an increased feeling to achieve some goals are evident within a person suffering from this disorder. Some persons also find it very hard to concentrate, with decreased need to sleep, absenteeism from work or school, psychosis, dropping or poor performance at school. Such symptoms are highly evident within mixed episodes. Bipolar disorder depression also presents itself by different symptoms. An individual will usually feel abandoned, sad and lonely. They may start experiencing a lack of interest to do any activity at school or work.
Persons with bipolar disorder can also experience chronic pain even though the reason can never be established. Several people with this disorder attempt to take their lives. Bipolar disorder signs can even be seasonal when a person undergoes drastic mood changes during some seasons of a year. Psychosis can also take place. This is a phase when a person gets detached from grounded reality and this is characterized by hallucinations and delusions. A psychotic breakdown is usually the first symptom of bipolar disorder within many persons. An individual with such symptoms needs a lot of help from family and proper treatment by a psychiatrist.