Bipolar disorder is a psychiatric illness.  It is defined as an irregular mood behavior.  The patient may show outbursts of elevated or euphoric behavior for no reason. This is called manic bipolar disorder.  Manic depression was an earlier term used for this disorder, but it is now known as bipolar disorder. A patient would behave overly enthusiastic and particular about performing a task which was totally unnecessary at the moment.  He would become unreasonable and insist that the task be done and become very irritated.  This kind of outburst would have far reaching effects both on his life and his health.

This disease is called bipolar because the individual would suffer from two extreme emotions. At one end is the mania or euphoric behavior and the other end is depression and despondent behavior.  The patient’s mood would swing from one extreme to the other, like one pole to the other.  Hence the terminology of bipolar and referring to the first state only it is called as manic bipolar. But as the experts began to realize that every mania mood swing would have an associated depressive low, the new terminology came into being.

When symptoms for manic bipolar and depressive bipolar occur at the same time during some episodes, then it is called the mixed state. But what causes these outbursts?  Experts believe that of the several factors that cause this condition to happen the most important are the genetic factor and the environmental factor.  The genetic makeup of an individual when combined with the external factors or triggers, cause this mental illness.

Psychiatric studies supported by research have shown that the imbalances in the electrolytes, neurotransmission problems trigger these outbursts. Brain images have also shown that the brain of a bipolar disorder shows certain alterations in the marking.  This establishes beyond doubt that the genetic factor is most important.   

Once it is established that a person suffers from this mental disorder then, the first step is to consult an expert.  There are multi-pronged systems of treatment for manic disorder.  The doctors would begin treatment with mild drugs if the disorder type is in the initial stages.  Else it could start with stronger medicines to calm the emotions or what are generically called as mood stabilizers.  The more extreme the disorder, the higher the dosage administered.  Some experts even advise combining mood stabilizers with anti-depressants.  Following stability in the person, the doctors would then commence therapy and follow it up with counseling.  Many an informed patient finds support groups as the anchors to crest over attacks of the manic disorder.

The best way to overcome manic disorder is to sign up for the right treatment.  Self-help and medication would only lead to usage of substances which could lead to further complications.

Resources:

http://www.emedicinehealth.com/bipolar_disorder/article_em.htm