One can not be always happy and invariably one does have happy days and sad days. But people who are suffering from bi-polar disorder have severe valleys and peaks. These extremes of emotion are generally the first sign of bi-polar disorder. Bi-polar disorder is treatable and some people mange to get the treatment early on. Some people who fail to recognize this continue suffering as bi-polar disorder tends to worsen if treatment is not given. Bi-polar disorder is characterized by severe shifts in energy, mood, behavior and thinking from the highs which resemble mania in one extreme to the severe lows like depression in the other extreme.


The cycles of the bi-polar disorder unlike the normal mood swings tend to last for several days and even months and are so intense that they do not let a person be himself. People suffering from bi-polar disorder often find themselves alternating between severe extremes of depression and mania. They tend to be in depression more often than in a state of mania. Sometimes the mania is so weak that it might go unnoticed. It is equally possible that people suffering from bi-polar disorder might not show any symptoms for long periods of time.


The main causes of bi-polar disorder are not yet completely understood. Some scientists believe that it runs in the family. It is however noted that the first mania or depression stage of the bi-polar disorder generally occurs when the person is a teenager or a young adult. The bi-polar disorder has certain symptoms which are confusing and subtle making it hard to diagnose this disorder early. Even though bi-polar disorder can be devastating, many people who are suffering from this disorder have managed to have a healthy life, successful career and a happy family life. This is rather challenging but with the right treatment, support and coping skills, one can still lead a normal life.


A person suffering from bi-polar disorder generally experiences different impulses. During a manic stage, the person might feel restless and feel refreshed even after just two hours of sleep. During the depression stage he might find it difficult to even get out of bed. Bi-polar disorder not only affects the mood of the person but also the energy level, memory, judgment, sleep patterns, concentration, appetite, self esteem and sex drive. Bi-polar disorder is also linked with substance abuse, anxiety and health problems like diabetes, migraines, high blood pressure and heart disease.


The first step towards treatment of bi-polar disorder is through medication. Therapy and self-help strategies have also proved to have substantial effects. The symptoms of bi-polar disorder can be controlled by following a few routines. Getting enough sleep, exercising regularly, avoiding any kind of stress, monitoring your moods and eating right have all proved to be effective measures to control bi-polar disorder. It also helps if you are constantly surrounded by people who are supportive and encouraging.