Bipolar disorder affects a person mentally which can result with severe emotive cycles for a person. Primarily, one has to understand the double or the two different moods associated in this disorder – mania and depression with high contrasts, hence the coinage “bi” and “polar”. There are strong crests as seen in manic moodbipolar symptoms and troughs as seen during depressive mood bipolar symptoms. The distinct bipolar symptom is the nature of the unpredictable mood swing. Also the severity of mood swing is erratic Bipolar symptoms can affect different people in different ways. The symptoms specifically, vary in the pattern, severity and frequency. There are those who experience more of a particular mood swing either mania or depression and there are others who experience a few of these emotions over a lifetime. The period of alteration also cannot be uniform. Broadly speaking, the extremes of this behavior have their own symptoms.

Diagnosing a bipolar disorder may take several years to be medically confirmed. The starting point would be the clinical depression where the patient has an excessively  low feeling. The feeling of excessive highs is also termed as hyper which is succinctly different from the normal emotion of happiness. The following are the key features noted during the manic phase:

- High energy levels: Patients are energetic beyond imaginary levels and talk more. Their decisions are fast and rash which have no direction. As an example for fast thoughts, one could cite the examples of trying to watch too many channels at the same time.

- Extreme positive mood: Patients are euphoric, feel over confident and over enthusiastic. They sound unrealistic in their thoughts.

- Sleep little: They are energetic always and sleep for less hours.

- Impulsive and inappropriate behavior for example, reckless shopping sprees and have a higher sexual drive, unnecessary high risk investment etc. They are highly irritable and impatient.

- Talk that is so rapid that it becomes difficult to catch up.

- In extreme cases they experience hallucinations. Bipolar symptoms when afflicted with depression experience the following:

- Hopeless feeling with no self-worth and low self esteem.

- Constantly bothered by less energy, fatigue and apathy.

- Concentration is very poor and total sluggishness (physical and mental).

- Slow speech and poor coordination.

- Irritable nature.

-  Weight[O2]  changes due to a change in appetite (Could be a loss or gain).

- Inability to concentrate.

- Inability to enjoy any experience which was enjoyed before.

- Suicidal tendencies.

- Desolate feeling accompanied by crying for no reason.

- Extreme sleeping – either insomnia or oversleeping.

- Unable to make decisions. Proper diagnosis of bipolar symptoms will ensure the right treatment.