Bipolar treatments are essential to weed out the harmful nature of bipolar disorders. Bipolar treatments have greatly improved from heavy doses of tranquilizers a decade ago to the modern day mood stabilizing drugs. Additionally, treatment includes counseling which therapeutically handles bipolar disorders.

Bipolar disorder is a lifelong condition and hence medication is a concerted effort. Bipolar treatments methodology is preceded by diagnosis of the predisposing factor, either stress or the genes.  The imbalance of brain chemicals is the primary reason for bipolar disorders. To alleviate bipolar disorder, medical treatment is the cornerstone and usually mood stabilizers help a great deal. They are used on a long term basis. Drugs like Lithium are used in combination with anticonvulsant drugs. For extreme cases, where the traditional methods have not been found successful, shock therapy also called electroconvulsive therapy is used. Anticonvulsants like Depakote when combined with Lithium or a combination of anticonvulsants also provide good help. Bipolar disorders have their highs and lows. The period of high is called mania which is an extreme and irrational period characterized by excessive activity, euphoric mood, faltering pressured speech, reckless behavior and sleeping lesser hours. The period of low is called depression and this episode is much more common than that of mania. Using antidepressants alone is not the ideal treatment  because it risks return of the manic symptoms or another bout of depression. Antipsychotic drugs are used along with antidepressant drugs. Today, medical research concentrates on two important methodologies to treat bipolar disorders:   1.Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS[ 2. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS).

Patients should have a clear understanding on the type of treatment employed. Few issues to ponder on include the side-effects and risks caused by medicines taken needs to be analyzed since prolonged use has its repercussions. This also points to withdrawal symptoms (when the drug is stopped) and the exacerbation of symptoms (a recurrence on stopping the drug).

Since the mood swings are repetitive and recurring in nature, bipolar treatments work best when supported by psychotherapy. Research studies point that patients recover faster if this mode of treatment is utilized.

The process of bipolar treatments begins with educating the patients about the symptoms and knowing ways and means of preventing complications. It is also important that patients need to carefully and strictly follow a lifestyle regime which could keep the symptoms of mood swings at bay. A structured lifestyle includes regulating the sleep hours, maintaining a continuous exercise program like aerobics or walking for at least five days a week, tackling work-stress by socializing and regular relaxation techniques.

Patients should find avenues to keep their minds calm. Deep breathing techniques, meditation and yoga compose the mind. Being part of the community of bipolar support groups help with effective advice and shared experiences. Bipolar disorder can eventually be controlled with regular checkups, monitoring the symptoms, and following a balanced and healthy daily routine.

References:

http://www.helpguide.org/mental/bipolar_disorder_diagnosis_treatment.htm

http://www.emedicinehealth.com/bipolar_disorder/page6_em.htm

http://www.webmd.com/bipolar-disorder/guide/understanding-bipolar-disorder-treatment

http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/vagus-nerve-stimulation/my00183